Diabetes is a common disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors, and clinical high blood sugar as the main sign. Diabetes can cause the body more damage to the system, causing absolute or relative lack of insulin secretion and target cells to reduce insulin sensitivity, causing protein, fat, water and electrolytes and a series of metabolic syndrome. Significantly elevated blood glucose can occur with diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar coma and other acute complications, chronic illness can also cause vascular and neuropathy, resulting in heart, brain, kidney, eye, nerve, skin and other organ damage , Affecting the quality of life of patients, and even lead to shortened life expectancy, should be actively prevented and treated.
There is no cure for diabetes at present, but diabetes can be controlled by a variety of treatments. Mainly includes five aspects: diabetes diet therapy, exercise therapy and drug treatment and diabetes education, self-monitoring of blood sugar. Dietary therapy is the basis for the treatment of various types of diabetes, and some patients with light-weight diabetes can control the disease with diet alone.
Diet therapy is the key to the success or failure of any diabetes treatment. Here we introduce how diabetic patients supplement the protein
Diabetic diet must pay attention to eat more low-carbohydrate, low-fat, high protein, high fiber foods, not only to treat the disease, but also to achieve nutritional balance and enhance the body’s resistance.
Protein is a nitrogen-containing polymer, the basic composition of amino acids. Foods such as lean meat, fish, eggs, beans and soybeans and other protein-containing more of these foods are digested and absorbed in the form of amino acids involved in protein synthesis in order to compensate for physiological consumption, under normal circumstances, each People eat 50 grams of protein per day, and diabetic patients, protein metabolism disorders, manifested as blocked protein synthesis, unbalanced income, make ends meet, there will be negative nitrogen balance so that the resistance to decline, easily complicated by a variety of infectious diseases.
General diabetic patients per kilogram of body weight per day intake of protein should be 1 gram, disease control is not good or weight loss, can be increased to 1.2 grams -1.5 grams, according to 60 kg body weight, the daily need 60 grams of protein or 70-90 Grams of protein, of which 1/3 from the best quality protein, such as eggs, lean meat, milk, soybeans and so on. The heat energy provided by the protein should be 12% -20% of the total calories, such as patients need 2000 kcal daily heat, of which 240-400 kcal provided by the protein, you need 60-100 grams of protein. The amount of protein required for children with diabetes is 2-3 grams per kilogram of body weight. Pregnant women with diabetes after 4 months of pregnancy should have 15-25 grams more protein per day than adults.
When diabetic nephropathy, renal failure has not yet failed, you can enter more protein, the daily amount of 80-100 grams, it is best to eat high-quality protein, such as eggs, beef, soy products and so on. If accompanied by renal insufficiency, for patients weighing 70 kg daily intake of 21 grams of protein, 21 grams of protein can produce 7 grams of urea nitrogen from the kidneys. If the kidney function is extremely poor, the daily intake of protein can not exceed 21 grams, this time should all use high-quality protein, such as eggs and other animal protein. Diabetic nephropathy patients with azotemia should be estimated daily acceptable dietary protein content, to prevent the occurrence of hypoproteinemia, but also to avoid aggravating nitrogenosis, if necessary, can lose plasma, albumin and Amino acids.
Patients with complications, such as concurrent gastrointestinal dyspepsia, tuberculosis, etc., the supply of protein should be appropriately increased. Uremia, liver coma and other complications will have to limit protein intake. Some people with diabetes daily control of staple food is very strict, and chicken, fish, meat, eggs, soy products, eat too much, excessive intake of protein foods, the results of the control of blood sugar is not ideal, because the protein can be heterogeneous to glucose. Thus daily diet, meat and vegetables should be mixed, food mix, thick mixed diet, with a variety of foods, can take full advantage of the complementary role of protein.
Diabetes patients are advised to limit consumption of dairy products such as milk, whey protein, etc., because milk, whey protein from dairy products, dairy products containing lactose, lactose is a disaccharide, contains a molecule of glucose and galactose. Lactase activity in adults lower than infancy, consumption of lactose easily lead to the accumulation in the small intestine, resulting in infiltration, so that body fluids outflow, even severe may cause nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea. Sugar foods will lead to higher blood sugar, for the control of blood glucose adversely.
It is recommended that you use Taizhou® Protein Powder, a high-quality formula formulated with soy protein isolate, egg, barley, millet, glutinous rice, natural ingredients, green and healthy, high protein, high dietary fiber and low sugar for all people, especially those with diabetes People, after clinical trials, long-term consumption of meal meal on Taizhou® protein powder blood glucose value is not obvious. Taizhou® protein powder is the product of choice for patients who are in urgent need of protein supplementation and accelerated wound healing after surgery, and are suitable for patients with diabetes, hypoproteinemia, various types of cancer and gastrointestinal disorders, and are also suitable for use Weight loss diet of people, vegetarian population as a meal replacement.