Varicose veins are caused by blood stasis, weak venous wall and other factors, leading to venous buckling and expansion. The most common site of varicose veins is in the lower extremities. It is worth emphasizing that varicose veins are secondary manifestations of other lesions.
What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
- 1 Blood vessel above skin surface
The cause of blood vessels above the surface of the skin is related to the falsification of veins. The blood vessel protrudes from the surface of the skin and, like a pimple, bends and curls. Lower extremity varicose veins will gradually form lower extremity edema, skin color blackening, deposition dermatitis, venous thrombosis, and even ulcers. This is also attributed to one of the symptoms of varicose veins
- 2 Leg pain and itching
When a patient with varicose veins stands for a period of time, leg soreness and itching appear. Patients may have symptoms such as itchy skin, leg swelling, soreness, fatigue, and heavy legs. Standing can be seen arching veins, if you raise your feet will be more smooth. This is also one of the symptoms of varicose veins
- 3 Edema in the legs
The edema caused by varicose veins occurs chiefly on the ankles and hind feet, and edema is particularly serious after standing. Severe varicose veins may also have mild edema in the lower leg of the patient. Many of the bruises make the local skin black or dark brown, dry skin, varicose veins, the symptoms are mainly swelling of the lower extremities, local special pain, may constitute ulcers, repeated attacks, long lasting
Treatment of varicose veins
Now there are many treatments for varicose veins, such as drug therapy and surgical treatment. These are common, and there are physical treatments. It really played a good role in varicose veins. Now we discuss Physical therapy methods.
The most fundamental reason for the occurrence of varicose veins is due to the fact that humans are walking upright. Gravity causes the increase in venous pressure in the lower extremities and is essentially a physical problem. Therefore, physiotherapy is also the most basic and effective treatment for the venous diseases of the lower extremities. Specific methods include: raising the limbs, elastic bandages or wear elastic stockings and balloon pulsating squeeze pumps.
1 It is easy and effective to raise the lower extremities. It is the most basic treatment for all venous diseases of the lower extremities. It is suitable for all patients with venous diseases of the lower extremities, and normal people can also be used as methods for the maintenance and prevention of venous diseases. However, the effective method of leg lift should be to raise the lower extremity after supine and ensure that the lower extremity is higher than the heart in order to play the effect of relying on gravity to promote the return of venous blood. Generally if the condition is relatively serious (such as complications of ulcers, thrombophlebitis, erysipelas or swelling is more serious) can stay in bed for several days, usually according to the conditions and severity of the disease every 1 to several hours to lift a leg, each lift Legs can be a few minutes.
2 Elastic bandage dressing promotes venous return for a long time and is effective. This method has always been used for long marches on marching battles. However, with the extensive application of professional medical elastic socks, elastic bandages are used less and less. Compared with elastic stockings, elastic bandages have the disadvantages of inconvenient use, unattractiveness, and tightness that are not easy to control, uneven pressure, and prone to scarring. Currently only applied early after varicose veins. Older people have difficulty wearing elastic stockings, or the legs are very thick, and those who do not fit elastic stretch stockings can choose elastic bandages. Elastic bandages are best tied under the guidance of a professional doctor so as not to crush the skin.
3 Stretch socks are one of the biggest advances in the prevention and treatment of venous disease of the lower extremities in recent decades. The basic principle is the same as elastic bandages, which promote the return of venous blood through compression and prevent blood stasis in the veins of the lower extremities. Compared with the elastic bandage, the advantage is that it is easy to use and beautiful. In addition, the pressure of the medical elastic socks gradually increases from top to bottom to form a gradient, which is more conducive to promoting venous return. The main drawback of elastic stockings is that the price is still relatively expensive, and the general treatment type is more than 300 yuan. There are also many cheaper elastic stockings on the market, but the pressure is often not in compliance with the requirements, and it will not be easy to relax and not achieve results. The cost of professional medical socks is still higher. Pay attention to avoid using elastic sleeves that can only be tightly wrapped around the calf to treat venous diseases. It can aggravate venous congestion in the ankle and form ulcers more easily.
4 Airbag squeeze pump is an airbag type trouser leg which can be automatically inflated and deflated according to a set frequency. By circulating deflation and deflation, it can actively press the muscles of the lower extremities and effectively promote the effect of venous return. It can be used for intractable congestion. Ulcer adjuvant therapy.
The use of physical therapy for varicose veins is very effective, especially when using elastic bandages or elastic socks, but be sure to pay attention when buying these products. Be sure to go to a regular hospital and use under the guidance of a doctor or nurse. You can’t just go to the pharmacy or a small clinic to make a purchase. If you do not have good quality, you will only delay your own condition.